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The first version of Cabanel's Birth of Venus (Musée d'Orsay, Paris) created a sensation at the Salon of 1863, which was dubbed the "Salon of the Venuses" owing to the number of alluring nudes on view. Embodying the ideals of academic art, the…

From at least the time the picture hung at Althorp House, the canvas was extended considerably at the top and somewhat less at the bottom so that it would be closer in scale to Guido Reni's "Liberality and Modesty" [see Ref. Garlick 1976, pl. 28] in…

The painting represents the marriage of Cupid, the God of Love, with Psyche, in the presence of Juno, Jupiter, Mars, Venus, and other gods of Olympus, as narrated by Apuleius in "The Golden Ass". It seems to have formed the central panel of a ceiling…

Bayre's thorough grounding in classical prototypes is evident in this highly charged representation of an incident from the battle between the Lapiths and the Centaurs described in Book XII of Ovid's Metamorphoses. Bayre surely knew the series of…

This group is the sculptor's working model for one of two monumental stone sculptures completed in 1870 and still in the garden of the palace at Fontainbleau. Like Venus, the companion sculpture, Jupiter has no precedent in antique iconography and is…

Like much of the sculpture of the Romantic movement in French art, Préault's work was rejected from the Paris Salons throughout the 1830s and 1840s. Official recognition came after the Revolution of 1848. This plaster group is the working model for…