Diana

Dublin Core

Title

Diana

Subject

Diana

Description

In 1891, Madison Square Garden, designed by Stanford White, opened to the public with great fanfare. White (1853 - 1906), an old friend and artistic collaborator of Augustus Saint-Gaudens, modeled the Garden's tower after the tower of the Giralda which adjoins the cathedral of Seville in Spain. The architect wanted to have a revolving weather vane for his tower in the same manner as it Spanish prototype. Aware of Saint-Gaudens' desire to model ideal compositions, White gave the sculptor the opportunity to create the finial. The original Diana was 18 feet high and proved too large and cumbersome for White's tower. It was removed and replaced by a thinner and more streamlined 13-foot version in 1893. Diana was the only nude in Saint-Gaudens' oeuvre, and like many nude sculptures, it was often chastised by a puritanical public. Nevertheless, Saint-Gaudens viewed Diana as one of the crown jewels in his career. He created statuettes in three variants, of which this cast is of the rare, second type. The graceful elegance of this Diana is partially the result of the exquisite chasing defining her hair and facial features. The sculpture is further enhanced by a rich matte gold colored patination composed of gold, copper, and zinc, and applied by the electroplating process.

Creator

Augustus Saint-Gaudens (American, Dublin 1848–1907 Cornish, New Hampshire)

Date

1893-01-01/1894-12-31

Date Available

1893–94, cast 1894 or after

Provenance

Gift of Lincoln Kirstein, 1985
--
Lincoln Kirstein, until 1985

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

Sculpture
bronze

Physical Dimensions

28 1/4 x 16 1/4 x 14 in. (71.8 x 41.3 x 35.6 cm)

Files

Citation

Augustus Saint-Gaudens (American, Dublin 1848–1907 Cornish, New Hampshire) , “Diana,” Mapping Mythology: A Digital Collection of Classical Mythology in Post-Antique Art, accessed October 16, 2018, http://mappingmythology.com/items/show/67.